Studi Kepustakaan Gambaran Obesitas pada Ibu Rumah Tangga di Dunia

The Description of Obesity Among Housewifes in The World

  • Yunita Ella Isdianti Noor Universitas Airlangga
  • Edi Sugiarto Universitas Airlangga
  • Adenia Siti Fatimah Universitas Airlangga
Keywords: Anak-Anak, Konsumsi Buah dan Sayur, Perubahan Perilaku, Pendidikan Gizi

Abstract

Background Obesity is a rapidly growing public health problem affecting many countries in the world because of its prevalence, cost, and impact on health. The prevalence of obesity worldwide according to WHO is generally more common in women (13%) than men (11%). From 1980 to 2013 the prevalence of overweight and obesity among housewives in the world continued to increase. The increase in obesity in housewives is caused by several factors, especially lifestyle changes including decreased physical activity and excess intake of high-energy foods. Obesity is a serious problem because it reduces the quality of life and causes death worldwide. Purpose This literature study aims to describe obesity that occurs in housewives around the world along with the risk factors, management and prevention of obesity. Discussion Housewives are one of the groups at high risk of obesity. Obesity in women is influenced by various factors where the majority can still be prevented from now on. Conclusion Overweight and obesity can be defined as excessive accumulation of body fat. Obesity causes multifactorial or can be influenced by various risk factors. Obesity is more experienced by women with supporting factors such as: age, genetics, education level, multiparity, ethnicity, socio-economics, physical activity, and lifestyle. The risk factors that cause obesity consist of multifactors so that the handling of obesity involves many sectors.

ABSTRAK

Latar Belakang Obesitas merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang berkembang pesat serta mempengaruhi banyak negara di dunia karena prevalensi, biaya, dan dampak terhadap kesehatan. Prevalensi obesitas menurut WHO umumnya terjadi pada wanita (sebanyak 13%) dibanding pria. Sejak tahun 1980 hingga 2013 prevalensi kelebihan berat badan dan obesitas pada ibu rumah tangga di dunia terus meningkat. Obesitas ibu rumah tangga diakibatkan oleh beberapa faktor, terutama perubahan gaya hidup termasuk penurunan aktivitas fisik dan kelebihan asupan makanan berenergi tinggi. Obesitas merupakan permasalahan serius karena mengakibatkan pengurangan kualitas hidup serta menyebabkan kematian di seluruh dunia. Tujuan Studi literatur ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan obesitas yang terjadi pada ibu rumah tangga di seluruh dunia beserta faktor resiko, penatalaksanaan serta pencegahan obesitas melalui sumber kepustakaan. Diskusi Ibu rumah tangga merupakan salah satu kelompok beresiko tinggi terkena obesitas. Obesitas pada wanita dipengaruhi berbagai macam faktor di mana mayoritas masih dapat dicegah sejak sekarang. Kesimpulan Berat badan berlebih dan obesitas dapat didefinisikan sebagai akumulasi lemak tubuh secara berlebihan. Obesitas penyebabnya multifaktoral atau dapat dipengaruhi berbagai faktor risiko. Obesitas lebih banyak dialami oleh wanita dengan faktor pendukung seperti: usia, genetik, tingkat pendidikan, multiparitas, etnis, sosio-ekonomi, aktivitas fisik, dan gaya hidup. Faktor risiko yang menyebabkan obesitas terdiri dari multifactor sehingga penanganan dari obesitas melibatkan banyak sektor.

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Published
2022-01-10
How to Cite
noor, yunita, Edi Sugiarto and Adenia Siti Fatimah (2022) “ Studi Kepustakaan Gambaran Obesitas pada Ibu Rumah Tangga di Dunia ”, JURNAL GIZI DAN KESEHATAN, 14(1), pp. 34 - 42. doi: 10.35473/jgk.v14i1.243.