Studi Literatur: Estimasi Potensi Kerugian Ekonomi Akibat Undernutrition Di Indonesia

Literature Study: Estimation of Potential Economic Loss Due to Undernutrition in Indonesia

  • Karina Wardani
  • Brigitte Sarah Renyoet Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana
Keywords: Balita, Kerugian Ekonomi, Undernutrition

Abstract

Currently, nutritional problems are a health concern, one of which is undernutrition. According to WHO, the classification of undernutrition is wasting, stunting, underweight, and micronutrient deficiency. This study aims to determine the estimates that have the potential to cause economic losses due to undernutrition in Indonesia. This research uses literature study method. The research data collected is then presented in the form of a descriptive narrative. Based on the analysis of the results and discussion, wasting toddlers in 2013 is estimated to cause economic losses for Indonesia of Rp. 1.042 billion (2%)-Rp. 4,687 billion (9%), followed by stunting of Rp. 3,057 billion (2%)-Rp. 13,758 billion (9%), and underweight of Rp. 3,054 billion (2%)-Rp. 13,746 billion (9%). Undernutrition can reduce human productivity and increase prevalence. The conclusion of this literature study is the need for cooperation in various fields to support and participate in overcoming these nutritional problems.

ABSTRAK

Saat ini masalah gizi menjadi perhatian kesehatan, salah satunya undernutrition. Menurut WHO, klasifikasi undernutrition yakni wasting, stunting, underweight, dan kekurangan gizi mikro. Studi ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui estimasi yang berpotensi menimbulkan kerugian ekonomi akibat undernutrition di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode studi literatur. Data-data penelitian yang dikumpulkan kemudian disajikan dalam bentuk narasi secara deskriptif. Berdasarkan analisis hasil dan pembahasan, wasting balita tahun 2013 diperkirakan menyebabkan kerugian ekonomi bagi Indonesia sebesar Rp. 1.042 miliar (2%)-Rp. 4.687 miliar (9%), kemudian stunting sebesar Rp. 3.057 miliar (2%)-Rp. 13.758 miliar (9%), serta underweight sebesar Rp. 3.054 miliar (2%)-Rp. 13.746 miliar (9%). Undernutrition dapat menurunkan angka produktivitas manusia dan meningkatkan prevalensi. Kesimpulan dari studi literatur ini adalah perlu adanya kerjasama di berbagai bidang untuk mendukung dan berpartisipasi dalam mengatasi masalah gizi tersebut.

 

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Published
2022-01-13
How to Cite
Wardani, K. and Sarah Renyoet, B. (2022) “Studi Literatur: Estimasi Potensi Kerugian Ekonomi Akibat Undernutrition Di Indonesia”, JURNAL GIZI DAN KESEHATAN, 14(1), pp. 114 - 127. doi: 10.35473/jgk.v14i1.268.

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